All patients with diabetes are at risk of developing diabetic retinopathy. The fine blood vessels at the back of the eye may be damaged as a result of the diabetes causing bleeding or the blood vessels may leak fluid into the macular area (central) area of the retina resulting in blurred vision.
Annual examination is important, as early diagnosis and treatment is vital. A good healthy diet, as well as exercising and maintaining a sensible weight will help to maintain the blood sugar within the normal range. Any additional issues of high blood pressure and high cholesterol need to be dealt with in consultation with your local doctor.